World Humanitarian Summit: a five-year roadmap for all political commitments is needed
The Parliament's Development Committee asked to include in the World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) outcome document "a five-year roadmap for the development and operationalisation of the concrete political commitments undertaken" and stressed the importance of increasing the complementarity between humanitarian and development aid in order to tackle the humanitarian financing gaps in a resolution adopted on Tuesday.
"Following an upward trend of forced displacement, today there are more refugees and internally displaced persons than in the aftermath of World War II. The chronic needs arising from these conflicts and disasters are stretching the humanitarian response system to its limits", said the rapporteur Enrique Guerrero Salom (S&D, ES) in the report he drafted, adding that "the WHS, to be held in Istanbul in May 2016, will seek to reshape and adapt the humanitarian system to a rapidly-evolving landscape of emergencies, to make humanitarian action more efficient, effective and ‘fit for the future’." "There is a clear call to bring the humanitarian and development communities closer together and to shift focus from response to prevention and anticipation", he said.
A five-year roadmap for all political commitments undertaken
Development MEPs stress that in order to be meaningful, the WHS outcome document should include a five-year roadmap for the development and operationalisation of the concrete political commitments undertaken, including an intergovernmental monitoring and accountability framework, an evaluation of the practices of the organisations and an impact study with full participation of relevant stakeholders.
Humanitarian and development aid "should go hand in hand"
An increased complementarity between humanitarian and development aid is needed in order to address effectiveness and the humanitarian financing gaps, and should go hand in hand with increased development aid and humanitarian funding says the text recalling in this context the longstanding international commitment to reach the target of 0.7% of GNI.
Education for children
MEPs welcome the Commission’s commitment to increase financing for education for children in humanitarian emergencies and call on the Council to endorse the Commission’s proposal to dedicate 4% of the EU humanitarian aid budget to this purpose.
MEPs call on the WHS to give a strong emphasis to the issue of climate change and humanitarian action and thus include planning and resilience building for the consequences of climate change. They call in this regard on the EU and its Member States to "continue to take courageous political decisions to combat climate change".
The resolution was passed by 14 votes to 3, with 7 abstentions. The plenary vote is scheduled for December (tbc).
Note to editors
The number of people in need has more than doubled since 2004 to over 100 million in 2015. 250 million people are affected by humanitarian crises and the number of forcibly displaced persons has reached its highest point since World War II at nearly 60 million, including almost 40 million displaced inside their own countries. Over half of the world’s refugees are children (Recital B)
The first World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) will be held in Istanbul from 23 to 24 May 2016.